Saint Mary of Walsingham
Our Lady of Walsingham
of the Blessed Virgin Mary with the Christ Child that hangs it is venerated for The Latin-American Anglican Church [Catholic
Church Anglican Tradition], is that of the famous English depiction of the Blessed Virgin Mary ( Saint Mary of Walsingham
- Santa Maria de Walsingham) who appeared to the Lady of the Manor near the little Village
of Walsingham in England in 1061 AD, during the time of Saint Edward the Confessor. Both our Lord
Jesus, and His Blessed Mother are depicted as Anglo-Saxon. The Virgin
is seated on a high backed throne, wearing a low medieval crown, with the fleur-de-lis staff in her right hand, presenting
Jesus to all who will receive Him, holding the Christ Child in her left hand. The Christ Child is clasping
the Book of the Gospels in His left hand, and his right hand is raised in blessing.
THE MOST BLESSED VIRGIN MARY
OUR LADY OF WALSINGHAM
The Blessed Virgin Mary is honored for her part in God’s
timeless plan for the redemption of the world by our Lord Jesus Christ. We honor her for her response and commitment
to God, and for the part that she played in procuring our salvation.
She was honored by God above all creation, in that the Blessed Virgin Mary bore in her own body, the Eternal Word of God.
During the reign of Saint Edward
the Confessor in 1061, the Blessed Virgin Mary appeared to a devout widow, Richeldis de Faverches, Lady of the Manor of Walsingham,
in a remote village of Norfolk, England.
Sacred Tradition tells us that
our Lady appeared to Richeldis in the fields outside of Walsingham, and showed her a model of the Holy House in which she
had lived as a child where the Archangel Gabriel announced God’s will that she should become the Mother of our Lord,
and where after the return from Egypt the Holy Family had dwelt.
Blessed Virgin Mary requested that Richeldis build a replica of the little house of Nazareth there in England, in honor of
the mystery of the Incarnation.
Lady promised a sign, that a spring of clear water would burst forth. As a sign of the reality of this vision, a spring
of water gushed up. This came to be known as the Holy Well. Lady Richeldis obediently
carried out our Lady’s wishes, and built a chapel on the spot where the spring suddenly appeared, and placed in it a
likeness of our Lady as she had seen her. The Holy House was a tiny building, measuring just
twenty-three feet six inches, by twelve feet ten inches. Almost immediately it became famous
as the Holy House of Our Lady of Walsingham – “England’s Nazareth.”
The waters of the miraculous
spring were found to have healing qualities, and soon pilgrims from all over England and the Continent were drawn to Walsingham
to drink the waters of the Holy Well, and to ask the prayers of our Lady in the Holy House, and to pay homage to her Divine
Son. So great was the number of the pilgrims that the very stars in the heavens were said to direct them, and in a medieval
fancy the Milky Way was called “The Walsingham Way.”
All through the Middle Ages,
our Lady was honored in her Shrine at Walsingham. Augustinian Canons coming to look after the Shrine and minister
to the pilgrims, built a Priory. A Franciscan House was also founded. The ruins of both can be seen today.
For four hundred and seventy-seven
years our Lady’s Shrine was loved and honored. The pilgrims were Kings and Queens, nobles, and serfs, rich and poor,
all coming to honor our Lord Jesus Christ through the commitment a young girl made to God long ago. All continued
to come in endless procession to pray and to drink of the waters of the Holy Well. God had set His mark on Walsingham.
Prayers were heard, and miracles happened. The Shrine of Our Lady of Walsingham was a faithful witness to the world
of the catholic faith and doctrine of the Incarnation -- God become man in Jesus Christ -- found within
the English Church.
Then evil days fell on England.
A self-willed King made war against God, our Lady and all the Saints, and decreed desecration of holy places.
his command, the Holy House was torn down, the Holy Well was clogged, and the famous likeness
of the Virgin Mary under the title of Our Lady of Walsingham, was carried off to London and publicly burned.
There was much in the church
at that period in need of reform, but Henry VIII, who had himself once been numbered among the pilgrims at the Shrine
and at one time with his own hand placed a precious necklace around the neck of our Lady’s statue, made this an excuse
to plunder monasteries and seize their treasurers and revenue. Walsingham suffered with the rest, and because the Shrine was
in the charge of the Canons, the Priory too, was despoiled.
It is said that Henry VIII, in
his last hour, commended his soul to Our Lady of Walsingham. But the evil was done, and the Shrine was destroyed.
Silence and desolation settled over “England’s Nazareth,” and Walsingham almost became a forgotten village.
These actions burnt deep into
the hearts and the minds of the people, but deep down, the memory of Mary’s Shrine was not totally forgotten.
After the long silence of almost four centuries, the streets of the little Village began to echo again to the steps of pilgrims.
In 1921 the present depiction
of Our Lady of Walsingham was carved in the likeness of the figure shown on the old twelfth-century Priory Seal, and placed
in the Parish Church.
Ten years later, this figure of Our
Lady of Walsingham was enshrined triumphantly in a new chapel made after the fashion, and according
to the measurements of the Holy House erected by Lady Richeldis.
The Shrine of Our Lady of Walsingham has become
the focus of the revived pilgrimage, and a great center of intercession for the sick and needy.
In 1931 when the ground was being prepared for the foundations for the new building, the footings of the original eleventh
century chapel were disclosed: a blocked up well was also discovered. It was packed with clay, but when this was
removed, clear water gushed out. At the bottom of the well were found the leather soles of
a number of shoes of all sizes, of early sixteenth century date, evidently thrown there as an expression of contempt.
Although the site of the original Holy House had long been unknown, this well is believed to be
the well of our Lady built to contain the water of the spring which appeared in 1061. Thus the Holy Well, along with
the Holy House, is enclosed in the Pilgrim Church of today, and is now visited by countless pilgrims whose prayers have been
answered, and where miracles have been attested.
Again, pilgrims come to Walsingham
in their thousands to bear witness to their faith in the Incarnation, and like pilgrims of old, to seek temporal and spiritual
What the Blessed Virgin Mary
requested in Saxon days is once more established to the greater glory of God..
The privilege of restoring the
ancient Shrine of Our Lady of Walsingham has been reserved for catholics of the Church of England, but Anglicans ( Episcopalians
) are not alone in honoring our Lady. The Orthodox have a chapel attached to the Pilgrim Church where services
are held regularly. Catholics of the Roman Communion use the ancient “Slipper Chapel” as their shrine, which
is a mile or so from Walsingham on the London Road. It is called the “Slipper Chapel” because it was customary
when pilgrims reached this wayside chapel, to take off their shoes and make the rest of the journey barefoot.
Happily, the mystery
of the Incarnation is once again honored and reverenced in Walsingham as in days of old, and even though the sad divisions
of Christianity are still with us, it is a matter for thanksgiving that East
and West, the Orthodox, Anglican ( Episcopal ), and Roman Communions of The Catholic Church may meet
together in their common devotion to the Mother of Jesus Christ, our Lord, our Saviour, and our God.
SAINT MARY OF WALSINGHAM Father in heaven, by your grace the virgin
mother of your incarnate Son was blessed in bearing him, but still more blessed in keeping your word: Grant us who honor
the exaltation of her lowliness to follow the example of her devotion to your will; through Jesus Christ our Lord, who
lives and reigns with you and the Holy Spirit, one God, for ever and ever. Amen.
The Book of Common Prayer
Almighty and everlasting God, who willed that your Word should take flesh in the
womb of the Blessed Virgin Mary by the power of your over-shadowing Spirit, by her affectionate intercession deliver us from
all present sin and sorrow, and conduct us to the everlasting joys of our heavenly home; through Jesus Christ our Lord.